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International Journal of Development in Social Sciences and Humanities

International Peer Reviewed (Refereed), Open Access Research Journal

E-ISSN:2455-5142 | P-ISSN:2455-7730
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Paper Details

Peacebuilding: The Option for Security and Development in the Northeast Nigeria

Vol. 14, Jul-Dec 2022 | Page: 1-18

Dr. RAJI Rafiu Boye
Department of Political Science, Faculty of Social and Management Sciences, Yobe State University, Damaturu

Salisu Uba
Department of Political Science, Faculty of Social and Management Sciences, Yobe State University, Damaturu

Received: 26-05-2022, Accepted: 07-07-2022, Published Online: 19-07-2022

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Peace-building is an activity that comes before, during, and after a conflict, crisis, or war. Peace-building aims to prevent the re-occurrence of conflict. Where there is conflict, peace-making is engaged to resolve its causes. It attempts to keep the peace no matter how fragile it may be. Peace-building tries to reach out to the warring parties to make and sign peace agreements. It also involves implementing peace-building attempts at rebuilding the institutions and infrastructures torn by conflict, crisis, strife, and building bonds of peaceful mutual benefit among people previously in disagreement. Peace-building addresses the causes of conflicts: such as social injustice, and religious intolerance, including economic, political, and developmental factors involved in the origin of conflicts. The insurgency in Northeast Nigeria lasted more than a decade. It had taken a severe toll on property, economic development, and political aspects of the population. This paper viewed that the application of peace-building to the resolution of the crisis in the region will serve the required intention of returning peace. The research uses a qualitative method for data collection and analysis. It recommends that the Federal Government of Nigeria constitute a high-level delegation to reach out to the aggrieved groups for dialogue through non-violent diplomacy mechanisms, for a resolution to end the insurgency. The "Operation Safe Corridor" programme alone is not sufficient because it opens ways only for willing members, meaning that those unwilling can continue causing problems. However, a well-coordinated high-power committee, including the international organizations, should be involved in the peaceful resolution of the security crisis in Northeast Nigeria.

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