• +91-9555269393
  • info@ijdssh.com

International Journal of Development in Social Sciences and Humanities

International Peer Reviewed (Refereed), Open Access Research Journal

E-ISSN:2455-5142 | P-ISSN:2455-7730
Impact Factor: 5.790

IJDSSH
Typically replies within an hour

IJDSSH
Hi there

How can I help you?
Chat with Us

Paper Details

Peacebuilding: The Option for Security and Development in the Northeast Nigeria

Vol. 14, Jul-Dec 2022 | Page: 1-18

Dr. RAJI Rafiu Boye
Department of Political Science, Faculty of Social and Management Sciences, Yobe State University, Damaturu

Salisu Uba
Department of Political Science, Faculty of Social and Management Sciences, Yobe State University, Damaturu

Received: 26-05-2022, Accepted: 07-07-2022, Published Online: 19-07-2022


. Download Full Paper

Abstract

Peace-building is an activity that comes before, during, and after a conflict, crisis, or war. Peace-building aims to prevent the re-occurrence of conflict. Where there is conflict, peace-making is engaged to resolve its causes. It attempts to keep the peace no matter how fragile it may be. Peace-building tries to reach out to the warring parties to make and sign peace agreements. It also involves implementing peace-building attempts at rebuilding the institutions and infrastructures torn by conflict, crisis, strife, and building bonds of peaceful mutual benefit among people previously in disagreement. Peace-building addresses the causes of conflicts: such as social injustice, and religious intolerance, including economic, political, and developmental factors involved in the origin of conflicts. The insurgency in Northeast Nigeria lasted more than a decade. It had taken a severe toll on property, economic development, and political aspects of the population. This paper viewed that the application of peace-building to the resolution of the crisis in the region will serve the required intention of returning peace. The research uses a qualitative method for data collection and analysis. It recommends that the Federal Government of Nigeria constitute a high-level delegation to reach out to the aggrieved groups for dialogue through non-violent diplomacy mechanisms, for a resolution to end the insurgency. The "Operation Safe Corridor" programme alone is not sufficient because it opens ways only for willing members, meaning that those unwilling can continue causing problems. However, a well-coordinated high-power committee, including the international organizations, should be involved in the peaceful resolution of the security crisis in Northeast Nigeria.

Reference
  1. Ashdown, P. (2007).Swords and Ploughshares: Bringing Peace to the 21st Century. London: Orion Publishing Group Ltd.
  2. Boutros-Ghali, B. (1992). An agenda for peace: preventive diplomacy, peacemaking and peacekeeping, New York: United Nations.
  3. Brechenmacher, S. (2018). Stabilizing Northeast Nigeria after Boko Haram. Accessed on 12/2/2020 from: https://carnegieendowment.org/2019/05/03/stabilizing-northeast-nigeria- after-boko-haram-pub-79042
  4. Campbell, S.; Chandler, D. and Sabaratnam, M. (eds.) (2011). A Liberal Peace? The problems and practices of peace-building, London: Zed books Ltd.
  5. Collier, P. (2007). Galtung, J. (1976). Three approaches to peace: peacekeeping, peacemaking, and peace building. In J. Galtung (ed.) Peace, war, and defense: Essays in Peace Research Vol. II. Copenhagen: Christian Ejlers, pp. 282-304.
  6. DTM Round VIII Report - February, 2016, accessed on 12/06/2016, from https://dtm.iom.int/reports/nigeria-%E2%80%94-displacement-report-8-1-january-%E2%80%94-28-february-2016
  7. Hazen, M. J. (2007). Can peacekeepers be peacebuilders? International Peacekeeping, Vol.14, No.3, June 2007, pp.323–338 ISSN 1353-3312 print/1743-906X online Taylor & Francis
  8. Hazen, M. J. (2007). Can peacekeepers be peacebuilders? International Peacekeeping, Vol.14, No.3, June 2007, pp.323–338 ISSN 1353-3312 print/1743-906X online Taylor & Francis
  9. Killingsworth, M. (2013). (2013). A liberal peace? The problems and practices of peace-building Global Change, Peace & Security PP 25:3, DOI10.1080/14781158.2013.831341
  10. Kroc Institute (2018). What is Strategic Peace-building? Accessed on 12/3/2021 from https://kroc.nd.edu/about-us/what-is-peace-studies/what-is-strategic-peace-building/ 11. Lederach, J. P. (1997). Building peace
  11. Lederach, J. P. (1997). Building peace: sustainable reconciliation in divided societies. DC: USIP
  12. MacGinty, R (2012). Against Stabilization. Stability: International Journal of Security and Development. Accessed on 12/12/2020 from https://www.stabilityjournal.org/articles/10.5334/sta.ab/
  13. OECD. (2010). Peace-building and statebuilding priorities and challenges: A synthesis of findings from seven multi-stakeholder consultations. Accessed on 21/7/218, from http://www.pbsbdialogue.org/documentupload/45454619.pdf
  14. Paffenholz, Abu-Nimer, and McCandles, (2005). Peace-building and Development: Integrated Approaches to Evaluation. Routledge: Journal of Peace-building & Development, Vol. 2, No. 2.
  15. Raji, R. B. (2020). The place of peace-building in conflict ravaged society: an analysis of North Eastern Nigeria. Al-Muqaddimah: Journal of the Humanities, Law, Social and Management Sciences. ISSN2616-0455 v3:1:49-62.
  16. Raye, B. E. and Roberts, A. W. (2004). A Vision of Justice” in AC Resolutions: The Quarterly Magazine of the Association for Conflict Resolution.
  17. Sharp, G. (2012). Sharp's Dictionary of Power and Struggle: Language of Civil Resistance in Conflicts, Oxford University Press, New York.
  18. The IRC newsletter, 2016
  19. Tschirgi, N. (2003). Peace-building as the Link between Security and Development: Is the Window of Opportunity Closing? New York.
  20. UNDP. (2018). Perspectives from Local Communities on Stabilization and Building Peace in the Lake Chad Basin. Discussion Paper Presented at the Lake Chad Basin Governors’ Forum 8-9 May, Maiduguri, Nigeria.
  21. UNPBSO (2007). UN-Peace-building: an orientation. Accessed on 20/8/2015 from https://www.un.org/peace-building/sites/www.un.org.peace-building/files/documents/peace-building_orientation.pdf